Framework & Regulations

Solving the issue of marine litter requires the involvement and cooperation of ministries in charge of fishery, coastal and river management, land-based waste management, industries producing and using plastics, recycling industries, and others. This Framework & Regulations section covers the Ministries and Coordination Mechanism, National Laws and Regulations, Local Regulations, as well as Action Plans and Roadmaps in the ASEAN+3 region.


Government Initiatives

To prevent marine plastic litter, various policies, such as reducing the use of single-use plastics, preventing littering, expanding waste collection services, recycling, and proper treatment and disposal, have been applied in this region. Collecting waste from river, beaches, and ocean are also important.


International Agreement

Governments also adopt some international agreements which are related to marine plastic debris issue, such as the 1989 Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Basel Convention), the 1972 Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention), and International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).